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I'm David, a software engineer and cloud architect.
I specialize in serverless development, cloud architecture and implementation, and write about my experiences along the way.

Initial Article to Start with

Warning, it’s a Medium post

The following is a bunch of my gotchas when following some guides

Clarification on the Prerequisites

Minimum Permissions

An active Amazon Account with an IAM user having admin permissions to provision needed resources and its Access Key ID and Secret Access Key.

No, you absolutely do not need admin permissions. Then what do you need? I’m glad you asked.

The following policy attached to the IAM user (who has a key/secret), is all you need to deploy a CDK v2 project:

  "Version": "2012-10-17",
  "Statement": [
      "Action": ["sts:AssumeRole", "iam:PassRole"],
      "Resource": [
      "Effect": "Allow"

Enable the AWS Azure Toolkit Extension

When we sign up for Azure DevOps (ADO) and create our first project, we are dropped into this very empty dashboard.

Azure DevOps Project Dashboard

Where do we find this required extension? Where do we find any extension?

I thought, well what about Project Settings at the bottom-left? No. In fact, it is hidden way up top-right in the cluster of icons that you are just supposed to know what they are.

Very not obvious shopping bag icon to select for finding and managing extensions

We should use the icon that looks like a shopping bag. Obviously. Because it’s from the extension marketplace. I say, dripping with sarcasm. Seriously, whoever thought that was a wise choice, I hope at least one other person recognized this icon.

If this note saved you even 15 minutes, good. I spent a solid 30 minutes clicking every single thing, up to the organization level settings, to find this… little… shopping bag.

Unmentioned first steps

The dirty truth on Azure pricing

You do not get free tier anything with builds. Nothing. Nada.

You follow these steps, even after making your Github repo public, and you will find this fun error message

##[error]No hosted parallelism has been purchased or granted. To request a free parallelism grant, please fill out the following form https://aka.ms/azpipelines-parallelism-request

What this means is that you are not allowed to use this feature unless you do one of 2 things

  1. Follow the instructions. Wait 2 to 3 days for your request to be reviewed, and another 7 to 15 days for it to be processed, or
  2. Fork over a commitment of $40 USD per month for ONE parallel job

And this is to get one image spun up, install node, and run a basic npm install and an empty npm build command.

Microsoft… please do better. You were really starting to change my viewpoint but this is just underhanded and dirty tactics that remind me too much of the inglorious past of hidden fees and license issues of yesteryear.


We will pause this effort while I dive further into how to resolve this and also not be swindled…